Dedicated to all the people that fought for Lisbon to be a city of Freedom.
These Feminists Itineraries in the city of Lisbon, are integrated on the project “Memories and Feminisms: Women and the Republic in the city of Lisbon – Memórias e Feminismos: Mulheres e República na cidade de Lisboa”, and was born from the partnership established between UMAR – Women Union for Alternative and Answer, and the investigation team “Faces of Eve – Faces de Eva” from Universidade Nova de Lisboa, winners of the first edition of the award Council awards Madalena Barbosa, in the same position with AMI foundation – International Medical Aid.
Our gold with the Feminists Itineraries, following the Feminist Agenda/Calendar for 2010 entitled Women and The Republic, is to break the walls of oblivion that all women that fought for emancipatory movements have been drawn.
With this edition of “Four Feminists Itineraries” we start an adventure through the city of Lisbon with a special magnifier, so we can find and turn visible the voice and the leading roles of women, both in their individual paths and in collective fights, helping building and historical feminist memories.
We focused on the First Republic period, but we didn’t limited ourselves to it strictly, because we don’t want to limit generations, school of thoughts, social activisms that co-existed and still coexist. One running the streets and doesn’t care about boundaries, we are faced with outstanding figures that took our way by their musicality, commitment in social change, examples of citizenship and revolutionary power.
Mary Wollstonecraft, feminist pioneer more than two hundred years ago, was in Lisbon in the year of 1785. But many others joined their names to the feminist causes. Before and during the First Republic, in the fights with the Dictatorship within the New State (Estado Novo), and even after the 25 Abril 1974, the most important revolution yet unfinished, they were there: in the streets, in the rallies, on the literary events, in the republican school centers, in the feminine and feminist associations, in the editorial offices, coffee places, in the theaters, in the parks, in courts and on the barricades that took place on the 5th of October of 1910, when the Republic arose.
It’s not enough to add the name of women and other relevant people, also silenced, so the city history has also a feminist perspective. It’ s necessary to go beyond and start enquiring the current values hierarchy established, that reflect women and other minority groups in a stereotyped and discriminating way, opening this way the thought to new types of knowledge and new cultural and social practices.
The four itineraries suggested in these pages, follow the hills of Lisbon. In the Graça Hills we have itinerary one and two, that from the Graça and Senhora do Monte viewpoints, you can observe itinerary 3 and 4 laying on the Chagas Hill (Carmo square and surroundings), Santa Catarina (Camões square until Calçada do Combro) and São Roque (Bairro Alto).
We wish you enjoy the city in the company of these relevant people that gave life to these streets, squares, gardens and built Lisbon history.